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What is Down’s Syndrome

  •  Down syndrome (DS) is a condition in which extra genetic material causes delays in the way a child develops, both mentally and physically.
  •  Normally, at the time of conception a baby inherits genetic information from its parents in the form of 46 chromosomes: 23 from the mother and 23 from the father. In most cases of Down syndrome, a child gets an extra chromosome 21 — for a total of 47 chromosomes instead of 46. It’s this extra genetic material that causes the physical features and developmental delays associated with DS.
  • Children with DS share some very typical attributes like a flat facial profile, upward slant to the eyes, small ears and mouth, low muscle tone etc.Â
  •  Physical development is often slower than normal. Most children with Down syndrome never reach their average adult height. Children may also have delayed mental and social development, and could have mild to moderate mental retardation.

Causes of Down’s Syndrome

  •  Most of the time, the occurrence of Down syndrome is due to a random event that occurred during formation of the reproductive cells. As far as we know, Down syndrome is not attributable to any behavioral activity of the parents or environmental factors

Management of Down’s Syndrome

  •  Because there is no cure, the goals of Down syndrome treatment are to control symptoms and manage any resulting medical conditions.
  • Special education and therapies are to be implemented to help children with Down’s Syndrome lead an independent life.

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